Skin is one of the human body’s largest organ. Skin performs a range of different functions which include physically protecting your bones, muscles and internal organs. Skin is protecting our body from infectious diseases, allowing us to feel and react to heat and cold and using blood to regulate our body temperature. Our skin consists of layers which include the epidermis, dermis and subcutis.
The outer layer of your skin is the epidermis, which is found thickest on the palms of your hands and soles of your feet (around 1.5mm thickness).
The subcutis (or hypodermis) is the deepest layer of your skin, as well as storing fat, it also contains blood vessels, hair follicle roots and nerves.
If our skin is severely damaged then automatically it may try to heal by forming scar tissue. Scar tissue is not the same as normal skin tissue, it often appears discolored and lacks sweat glands and hair.
The color of human skin depends on the amount of pigment called melanin that the body produces. Small amounts of melanin result in light skin while large amounts result in dark skin.
Areas that experience repeated friction or pressure can form tough, thick skin known as a callus. Common examples of calluses can be seen on the hands of tennis players.
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